You are said to have cancer when the cells of any part of your body start dividing themselves in an abnormal manner. Cancer is a disease which can occur in one part of your body and then start to spread in the others, if not treated on time. There are approximately 200 different forms of cancer, all that can not be cured without proper treatment. In some cases, cancer can even return after the person has fully recovered. The types of cancer which cannot be cured are treated in a way that the person’s life expectancy increases.

1.Factors that may be the reason behind your cancer

  • Genetics

Some types of cancer can be inherited by your parents because these types of cancers are linked to your genes, but the others do not work this way. Factors such as age, gender and skin type are some other risk factors.

  • Lifestyle risk factors

These include smoking, passive smoking, consuming tobacco, drinking alcohol, greater hours of work in sunlight, eating foods that contain nitrites and poly aromatic hydrocarbons, which are usually found in food that is barbecued.

  • Bacterias and Viruses

There are many diseases which increases the risk of a specific type of cancer.

1.Helicobacter pylori, also known as H.pylori can cause gastritis

2.HPV, that stands for human papilloma virus, can result in deformation of the cervical cells.

3.HBV and HCV are hepatitis viruses that cause hepatitis.

4.EBV, which stands for Epstein-Barr Virus, that is the herpes virus, which is the main factor of the inflammation of the throat lymphoid.

  • Radiations

Ionising radiations, for example, X-ray radiation and soil radon can trigger cancer. Moreover, non-ionised radiations, which is the ultraviolet radiation of the sun can be a factor too.

2.How can you avoid cancer?

  • Eliminate tobacco from your diet

Intake of tobacco increases the risk of having cancer. Smoking is said to be one of the main reasons a smoker gets cancer. Smoking can cause various types of cancer, which include cancer of the mouth, lungs, throat, larynx, pancreas, bladder, cervix and kidney. While chewing tobacco can result in cancer of the oral cavity and the pancreas. Avoiding them can reduce the chances of cancer.

  • Have a check your diet

Include lots of fruits and vegetables in your diet. Eat a low-calorie diet. You can do this by avoiding refined sugars and meat fat. Also, limit the intake of processed meat, International Agency for Research on Cancer has found that large quantities of processed meat can somewhat increase the risk of some types of cancers.

  • Avoid long exposures of the sun

Avoid the sun at the midday time period. This very important as the sun rays are the strongest at the time between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Try avoiding the sun by staying in the shade rather than the open sky when the sun is out. Wear sunglasses and hats. Furthermore, do not skip using sunscreen if you are about to leave the house.

Fernando Peters